The head of state is apart from the executive, and symbolically enacts laws and acts as representative of the nation. Examples include the President of Germany , the Queen of the United Kingdom , and the President of Austria . The other important model is the presidential system, found in the United States and in Brazil. In presidential systems, the executive acts as both head of state and head of government, and has power to appoint an unelected cabinet. Under a presidential system, the executive branch is separate from the legislature to which it is not accountable. The Paul E. Nordstrom Service Award recognizes exemplary long-term service or a significant example of public service by a current or past member of the EBA community.
- One criticism of bicameral systems with two elected chambers is that the upper and lower houses may simply mirror one another.
- Japan was the first country